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Print Glossary: F - J

F
  • Face - An abbreviation for typeface referring to a family in a given style.
  • Family - Group of typefaces in a series with common characteristics of design, but with different weights, such as italic, bold, condensed, expanded, etc.
  • Felt side - The top side of a sheet of paper, as opposed to the underside, or wire side.
  • Flag - The designed title of a newspaper as it appears at the top of page one.
  • Flat color - In printing, any color other than a process color.
  • Flat tint halftone (aka Fake duotone) - A black halftone printed over a flat tint of a second color.
  • Fluorescent ink - Inks with fluorescent characteristics that result in a brilliant, glowing effect.
  • Flute - The pleated paper sandwiched between two sheets of paperboard.
  • Foil Stamping - The process of applying a thin film of colored foil to paper for decorative purposes.
  • Folio - Page number.
  • Folding endurance - A description of the ability of various papers to withstand repeated folding under tension.
  • Font - Also known as typeface. A complete set of characters in a typeface.
  • Foot - Margin at the bottom of a page; also the bottom edge of a book.
  • Four color process - The four basic colors of ink (CMYK - yellow, magenta, cyan, and black) which reproduce full-color photographs or art.
  • French fold - A sheet which has been printed on one side only and then folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section.
  • Full measure - A line of type set to the entire line length

G
  • Gang printing (Gang run) - A cost-saving run that prints any number of different jobs or multiple copies of the same job on one sheet of paper.
  • Gatefold - An oversize page where both sides fold into the gutter in overlapping layers. Used to accommodate maps into books.
  • Gathering - The operation of inserting the printed pages, sections or signatures of a book in the correct order for binding.
  • Ghosting - A condition in which a faint repeat of a printed image appears where it was not intended, usually above or below the actual image.
  • Gloss ink - Quick-drying, non-penetrating ink used on coated paper.
  • Gothic - Typefaces with no serifs and broad even strokes.
  • Gradated screen - A smooth transition between black and white, one color and another, or color and the lack of it.
  • Gradient - A gradient is a gradual transition of colors. Many metallic images are gradients.
  • Grain - The direction in which the fibers are aligned in paper.
  • Grayscale - A range of luminance values for evaluating shading through white to black. Also, a term used when referring to a black and white photograph.
  • Greeking - A software device where areas of gray are used to simulate lines of text.
  • Grid - A systematic division of a page into areas to enable designers to ensure consistency. The grid acts as a measuring guide and shows text, illustrations and trim sizes.
  • Gripper edge - The leading edge of a sheet of paper clamped by metal grippers as it is pulled through the printing press.
  • Gripper margin - The necessary amount of space that must be allowed on the paper’s edge to keep the grippers from damaging the printed image.
  • GSM - Grams per square meter. The unit of measurement for paper weight.
  • Guard - A narrow strip of paper or linen pasted to a single leaf to allow sewing into a section for binding.
  • Gutter - The central blank area between left and right pages.
  • Gutter bleed - The continuance of an image from one page across to the facing page of a spread. Also called Cross-over.

H
  • Hairline rule - The thinnest rule that can be printed. Hairline rules do not print well. Half-point rules are strongly recommended.
  • Hairline - The thinnest of the strokes in a typeface.
  • Hairline register - Register within plus or minus one-half row of dots.
  • Half up - Artwork one and a half times the size which it will be reproduced.
  • Halftone - An illustration reproduced by breaking down the original tone into a pattern of dots of varying size. Light areas have small dots and darker areas or shadows have larger dots. Simulating a continuous tone photograph using dots.
  • Hanging Indentation - Indented setting in which the first line of each paragraph is set full-out to the column measure and the remaining lines are indented.
  • Hanging punctuation - Punctuation that is allowed to fall outside the margins instead of staying within the measure of the text. This is now seldom used in desktop publishing.
  • Hard copy - Typewritten copy or computer print-out of digital data. Used to check for errors in typesetting, for example.
  • Hardback - A case bound book with a separate stiff board cover.
  • Head - The larger bold text at the top of a page.
  • Hickies - A dust particle sticking to the printing plate or blanket which appears on the printed sheet as a dark spot surrounded by an halo.
  • Highlight - The lightest area in a photograph or illustration.
  • Hologram - A laser-created, three-dimensional recording of a 3-D or 2-D image. Reproduced by hot foil stamping or embossing onto reflective-backed mylar.
  • House corrections - Alterations made to proofs or script by the publisher or printer, as distinct from those made by the author.
  • Hue - The characteristic of a color which distinguishes it from all others

I
  • Illustration - General term for any form of drawing, diagram, half tone, or color image included within a piece of print
  • Image area - The amount of space given to a particular image in design and printing.The space is assumed to be square or rectangular, even if the image is not.
  • Imagesetter - A device used to output a computer image or composition at high resolution onto photographic paper or film.
  • Imposition - Refers to the arrangement of pages on a printed sheet, which when the sheet is finally printed on both sides, folded and trimmed, will place the pages in their correct order.
  • Impression - The image printed by the process of ink moving from plate or blanket to paper.
  • Imprint - The name and place of the publisher and printer required by law if a publication is to be published. Sometimes accompanied by codes indicating the quantity printed, month/year of printing and an internal control number.
  • Indicia - Mailing permit stamped on envelopes and cards.
  • Ink coverage - The amount of ink covering the paper in relation to the unprinted space.
  • In-line - Any operation tied to the printing process, such as folding, trimming, embossing, gluing, etc.
  • Insert - An instruction to the printer for the inclusion of additional copy.
  • Ivory board - A smooth high white board used for business cards etc.

J
  • Justify - The alignment of text along a margin or both margins. This is achieved byadjusting the spacing between the words and characters as necessary so that each line of text finishes at the same point.