Print Glossary: F - J
- Face - An abbreviation for typeface referring to a family in a given style.
- Family - Group of typefaces in a series with common characteristics of design, but with different weights, such as italic, bold, condensed, expanded, etc.
- Felt side - The top side of a sheet of paper, as opposed to the underside, or wire side.
- Flag - The designed title of a newspaper as it appears at the top of page one.
- Flat color - In printing, any color other than a process color.
- Flat tint halftone (aka Fake duotone) - A black halftone printed over a flat tint of a second color.
- Fluorescent ink - Inks with fluorescent characteristics that result in a brilliant, glowing effect.
- Flute - The pleated paper sandwiched between two sheets of paperboard.
- Foil Stamping - The process of applying a thin film of colored foil to paper for decorative purposes.
- Folio - Page number.
- Folding endurance - A description of the ability of various papers to withstand repeated folding under tension.
- Font - Also known as typeface. A complete set of characters in a typeface.
- Foot - Margin at the bottom of a page; also the bottom edge of a book.
- Four color process - The four basic colors of ink (CMYK - yellow, magenta, cyan, and black) which reproduce full-color photographs or art.
- French fold - A sheet which has been printed on one side only and then folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section.
- Full measure - A line of type set to the entire line length
- Gang printing (Gang run) - A cost-saving run that prints any number of different jobs or multiple copies of the same job on one sheet of paper.
- Gatefold - An oversize page where both sides fold into the gutter in overlapping layers. Used to accommodate maps into books.
- Gathering - The operation of inserting the printed pages, sections or signatures of a book in the correct order for binding.
- Ghosting - A condition in which a faint repeat of a printed image appears where it was not intended, usually above or below the actual image.
- Gloss ink - Quick-drying, non-penetrating ink used on coated paper.
- Gothic - Typefaces with no serifs and broad even strokes.
- Gradated screen - A smooth transition between black and white, one color and another, or color and the lack of it.
- Gradient - A gradient is a gradual transition of colors. Many metallic images are gradients.
- Grain - The direction in which the fibers are aligned in paper.
- Grayscale - A range of luminance values for evaluating shading through white to black. Also, a term used when referring to a black and white photograph.
- Greeking - A software device where areas of gray are used to simulate lines of text.
- Grid - A systematic division of a page into areas to enable designers to ensure consistency. The grid acts as a measuring guide and shows text, illustrations and trim sizes.
- Gripper edge - The leading edge of a sheet of paper clamped by metal grippers as it is pulled through the printing press.
- Gripper margin - The necessary amount of space that must be allowed on the paper’s edge to keep the grippers from damaging the printed image.
- GSM - Grams per square meter. The unit of measurement for paper weight.
- Guard - A narrow strip of paper or linen pasted to a single leaf to allow sewing into a section for binding.
- Gutter - The central blank area between left and right pages.
- Gutter bleed - The continuance of an image from one page across to the facing page of a spread. Also called Cross-over.
- Hairline rule - The thinnest rule that can be printed. Hairline rules do not print well. Half-point rules are strongly recommended.
- Hairline - The thinnest of the strokes in a typeface.
- Hairline register - Register within plus or minus one-half row of dots.
- Half up - Artwork one and a half times the size which it will be reproduced.
- Halftone - An illustration reproduced by breaking down the original tone into a pattern of dots of varying size. Light areas have small dots and darker areas or shadows have larger dots. Simulating a continuous tone photograph using dots.
- Hanging Indentation - Indented setting in which the first line of each paragraph is set full-out to the column measure and the remaining lines are indented.
- Hanging punctuation - Punctuation that is allowed to fall outside the margins instead of staying within the measure of the text. This is now seldom used in desktop publishing.
- Hard copy - Typewritten copy or computer print-out of digital data. Used to check for errors in typesetting, for example.
- Hardback - A case bound book with a separate stiff board cover.
- Head - The larger bold text at the top of a page.
- Hickies - A dust particle sticking to the printing plate or blanket which appears on the printed sheet as a dark spot surrounded by an halo.
- Highlight - The lightest area in a photograph or illustration.
- Hologram - A laser-created, three-dimensional recording of a 3-D or 2-D image. Reproduced by hot foil stamping or embossing onto reflective-backed mylar.
- House corrections - Alterations made to proofs or script by the publisher or printer, as distinct from those made by the author.
- Hue - The characteristic of a color which distinguishes it from all others
- Illustration - General term for any form of drawing, diagram, half tone, or color image included within a piece of print
- Image area - The amount of space given to a particular image in design and printing.The space is assumed to be square or rectangular, even if the image is not.
- Imagesetter - A device used to output a computer image or composition at high resolution onto photographic paper or film.
- Imposition - Refers to the arrangement of pages on a printed sheet, which when the sheet is finally printed on both sides, folded and trimmed, will place the pages in their correct order.
- Impression - The image printed by the process of ink moving from plate or blanket to paper.
- Imprint - The name and place of the publisher and printer required by law if a publication is to be published. Sometimes accompanied by codes indicating the quantity printed, month/year of printing and an internal control number.
- Indicia - Mailing permit stamped on envelopes and cards.
- Ink coverage - The amount of ink covering the paper in relation to the unprinted space.
- In-line - Any operation tied to the printing process, such as folding, trimming, embossing, gluing, etc.
- Insert - An instruction to the printer for the inclusion of additional copy.
- Ivory board - A smooth high white board used for business cards etc.
- Justify - The alignment of text along a margin or both margins. This is achieved byadjusting the spacing between the words and characters as necessary so that each line of text finishes at the same point.